IUI can be used for those with functioning fallopian tubes but who have had difficulty falling pregnant naturally. This means having unprotected sex for a period of 12 months, or in some cases for 6 months. IUI is also often used in cases where donor sperm is needed for either an individual or couple wishing to become pregnant.
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IUI is not recommended for those who have severe disease of the fallopian tubes, tubal disease, a history of pelvic infections, a low ovarian reserve, or moderate to severe endometriosis. While severe male factor infertility does not necessarily rule out couples from undergoing IUI, it does significantly lower their chances of success, making IVF the preferable option.
If an IUI does not result in a successful pregnancy after 3 attempts, our doctor will usually suggest moving to an IVF cycle. In certain cases, this may be sooner.
Yes, for many patients IUI can help them to become pregnant. It does however have lower rates of success than IVF/ICSI and so many choose to go directly to IVF. For those wishing to undergo a less invasive treatment, IUI is often a good starting point.